Journal article

Fertility, Marriage, and Family Planning in Iran: Implications for Future Policy

Meimanat Hosseini-Chavoshi, Mohammad Jalal Abbasi-Shavazi, Peter McDonald

Population Horizons | Walter de Gruyter GmbH | Published : 2016

Abstract

Abstract The Islamic Republic of Iran has experienced a remarkable demographic transition over the last three decades. As a result of social, demographic and economic changes, Iran’s fertility declined from 7.0 births per woman in 1980 to around 1.8 to 2.0 in 2011 based on our estimation (McDonald et al. 2015). The initial rise and rapid fall of fertility accompanied by a decline of child mortality led to a post-revolutionary youth bulge in the age distribution that will lead to rapid ageing in the longer-term future. Others have argued that Iran’s fertility has fallen to much lower levels - as low as 1.5 births per woman (eg. Erfani 2013). Such low estimates led to the Gover..

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