Journal article

The effect of protamine dosing variation on bleeding and transfusion after heparinisation for cardiopulmonary bypass

Stephen A Kunz, Lachlan F Miles, Damian J Ianno, Kelly L Mirowska-Allen, George Matalanis, Rinaldo Bellomo, Siven Seevanayagam

PERFUSION-UK | SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD | Published : 2018

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Accurate dosing of protamine reversal following on-pump cardiac surgical procedures is challenging, with both excessive and inadequate administration recognised to increase bleeding risk. We aimed to examine the relationship between three ratios for heparin reversal and markers of haemostasis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database was undertaken at a single tertiary cardiac unit, reviewing all cases of on-pump coronary artery bypass grafts and single valve replacements from 01/01/2011 to 31/12/2015. The ratio between total intra-operative heparin and protamine was stratified to three groups (low: ≤0.6 mg per 100 IU of heparin, moderate: 0.6-1.0..

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