Factors relating to high psychological distress in Indigenous Australians and their contribution to Indigenous-non-Indigenous disparities
Bridgette J McNamara, Emily Banks, Lina Gubhaju, Grace Joshy, Anna Williamson, Beverley Raphael, Sandra Eades
AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH | WILEY | Published : 2018
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors associated with high psychological distress among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians and their contribution to the elevated distress prevalence among Aboriginal people. METHODS: Questionnaire data from 1,631 Aboriginal and 233,405 non-Aboriginal 45 and Up Study (NSW, Australia) participants aged ≥45 years were used to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios for high psychological distress (Kessler-10 score ≥22) for socio-demographic, health and disability-related factors, and to quantify contributions to differences in distress prevalence. RESULTS: While high-distress prevalence was increased around three-fold in Aboriginal versus non-Aboriginal participants..View full abstract
We acknowledge the support of the NSW Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council (AHMRC) and the AHMRC ethics committee.B. McNamara was supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council Early Career Fellowship. Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute is supported in part the Victorian Government OIS Program. Sandra Eades, Emily Banks and Anna Williamson are supported by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia.