Journal article

Aedes Mosquitoes and Aedes-Borne Arboviruses in Africa: Current and Future Threats

David Weetman, Basile Kamgang, Athanase Badolo, Catherine L Moyes, Freya M Shearer, Mamadou Coulibaly, Joao Pinto, Louis Lambrechts, Philip J McCall

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH | MDPI | Published : 2018

Abstract

The Zika crisis drew attention to the long-overlooked problem of arboviruses transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes in Africa. Yellow fever, dengue, chikungunya and Zika are poorly controlled in Africa and often go unrecognized. However, to combat these diseases, both in Africa and worldwide, it is crucial that this situation changes. Here, we review available data on the distribution of each disease in Africa, their Aedes vectors, transmission potential, and challenges and opportunities for Aedes control. Data on disease and vector ranges are sparse, and consequently maps of risk are uncertain. Issues such as genetic and ecological diversity, and opportunities for integration with malaria control,..

View full abstract

Grants

Awarded by Wellcome Trust


Awarded by Agence Nationale de la Recherche


Awarded by French Government's Investissement d'Avenir program Laboratoire d'Excellence Integrative Biology of Emerging Infectious Diseases


Awarded by European Union


Awarded by WHO/TDR grant


Awarded by Medical Research Council


Awarded by Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation


Funding Acknowledgements

B.K. is supported by the Wellcome Trust (204862/Z/16/Z). C.L.M. and F.M.S. are supported by the Wellcome Trust (108440/Z/15/Z). L.L. receives support from the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (grants ANR-16-CE35-0004-01 and ANR-17-ERC2-0016-01), the French Government's Investissement d'Avenir program Laboratoire d'Excellence Integrative Biology of Emerging Infectious Diseases (grant ANR-10-LABX-62-IBEID), the City of Paris Emergence(s) program in Biomedical Research, the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under ZikaPLAN grant agreement No. 734584, and the Ecology of Health program of Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (grant AFRICAEDES). A.B. is supported by a WHO/TDR grant (RCS-KM 2015 ID235974). P.J.M. receives personal support from The Medical Research Council (Grant No. MR/M011941/1), Wellcome Trust (200222/Z/15/Z MiRA) and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (OPP1159078). We thank Maria Devine for her help sourcing new publications that have reported these Aedes species in Africa. D.W., C.L.M., J.P. and M.C. would like to thank members of the WIN network for fruitful discussions on Aedes insecticide resistance.