Cytochrome c oxidase deficiency accelerates mitochondrial apoptosis by activating ceramide synthase 6.
S Schüll, SD Günther, S Brodesser, JM Seeger, B Tosetti, K Wiegmann, C Pongratz, F Diaz, A Witt, M Andree, K Brinkmann, M Krönke, RJ Wiesner, H Kashkar
Cell Death Dis | Published : 2015
Although numerous pathogenic changes within the mitochondrial respiratory chain (RC) have been associated with an elevated occurrence of apoptosis within the affected tissues, the mechanistic insight into how mitochondrial dysfunction initiates apoptotic cell death is still unknown. In this study, we show that the specific alteration of the cytochrome c oxidase (COX), representing a common defect found in mitochondrial diseases, facilitates mitochondrial apoptosis in response to oxidative stress. Our data identified an increased ceramide synthase 6 (CerS6) activity as an important pro-apoptotic response to COX dysfunction induced either by chemical or genetic approaches. The elevated CerS6 a..View full abstract