IL-21-induced isotype switching to IgG and IgA by human naive B cells is differentially regulated by IL-4.
Danielle T Avery, Vanessa L Bryant, Cindy S Ma, Rene de Waal Malefyt, Stuart G Tangye
J Immunol | Published : 2008
Naive B cells can alter the effector function of their Ig molecule by isotype switching, thereby allowing them to secrete not only IgM, but also the switched isotypes IgG, IgA, and IgE. Different isotypes are elicited in response to specific pathogens. Similarly, dysregulated production of switched isotypes underlies the development of various diseases, such as autoimmunity and immunodeficiency. Thus, it is important to characterize mediators controlling isotype switching, as well as their contribution to the overall B cell response. Isotype switching in human naive B cells can be induced by CD40L together with IL-4, IL-10, IL-13, and/or TGF-beta. Recently, IL-21 was identified as a switch f..View full abstract