Book Chapter

Systematic Reviews in Public Health

R Armstrong, J Doyle, H Roberts, L Anderson, S Oliver, M Petticrew

International Encyclopedia of Public Health | Academic Press | Published : 2016


This article describes the relevance of systematic reviews to public health policy and practice. Systematic reviews synthesize the evidence on a clearly formulated question. Using systematic and (usually ideally prespecified) explicit methods to identify, select, and critically appraise relevant primary studies, review authors then extract, collate, and analyze data from the included studies. Although they have had a longer history in education and medicine, their production in public health is expanding as their application for public health decision-making is identified as increasingly important. Review methods continue to evolve to meet the needs of end users in a range of public health p..

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