Journal article

Do predictors of smoking relapse change as a function of duration of abstinence? Findings from the United States, Canada, United Kingdom and Australia

Hua-Hie Yong, Ron Borland, K Michael Cummings, Timea Partos

ADDICTION | WILEY | Published : 2018


AIMS: To estimate predictors of time to smoking relapse and test if prediction varied by quit duration. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort data from the International Tobacco Control Four-Country survey with annual follow up collected between 2002 and 2015. SETTING: Canada, United States, United Kingdom and Australia. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 9171 eligible adult smokers who had made at least one quit attempt during the study period. MEASUREMENTS: Time to relapse was the main outcome. Predictor variables included pre-quit baseline measures of nicotine dependence, smoking and quitting-related motivations, quitting capacity and social influence, and also two post-quit measures, use of stop-smoking med..

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Awarded by US National Cancer Institute

Awarded by Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC

Awarded by Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia


Funding Acknowledgements

Ethics approval for the study was obtained from the relevant institutional Ethic Committees at the University of Waterloo, the Cancer Council Victoria, Australia and King's College London, UK. The ITC Four-Country Survey was supported by multiple grants from the US National Cancer Institute, including R01 CA100362 and P50 CA111236, and also in part from grant P01 CA138389 and P01 CA200512 (Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC). Additional grant support was provided by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (79551, 115016), and National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (1005922, 1106451).