Journal article

Integrating Form, Structure And Acoustics: A Computational Reinterpretation Of Frei Otto's Design Method And Vision

A Pugnale

Journal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures | International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures-IASS | Published : 2018


In several of Frei Otto’s early membrane structures, acoustics was a rather relevant design aspect that could not be controlled through classical form-finding approaches based on physical models. Moreover, it is possible to add that, geometrically speaking, Frei Otto’s membranes could naturally perform acoustically, because of their anticlastic shape and the ability of the convex areas to scatter sound. In this paper, two of Frei Otto’s key projects are revisited and redesigned parametrically using mathematical optimisation: first, the Dance Pavilion that was conceived for the Federal Garden Exhibition in Cologne (1957); and, second, the large umbrellas that were built at the same venue in 1..

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