A functional magnetic resonance imaging technique based on nulling extravascular gray matter signal.
Yuji Shen, Risto A Kauppinen, Rishma Vidyasagar, Xavier Golay
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab | Published : 2009
A new functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique is proposed based on nulling the extravascular gray matter (GM) signal, using a spatially nonselective inversion pulse. The remaining MR signal provides cerebral blood volume (CBV) information from brain activation. A theoretical framework is provided to characterize the sources of GM-nulled (GMN) fMRI signal, effects of partial voluming of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and white matter, and behaviors of GMN fMRI signal during brain activation. Visual stimulation paradigm was used to explore the GMN fMRI signal behavior in the human brain at 3T. It is shown that the GMN fMRI signal increases by 7.2%+/-1.5%, which is two to three times ..View full abstract