Characteristics and outcomes of children with ductal-dependent congenital heart disease and esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula: A multi-institutional analysis.
Kriti Puri, Shaine A Morris, Carlos M Mery, Yunfei Wang, Brady S Moffett, Jeffrey S Heinle, J Ruben Rodriguez, Lara S Shekerdemian, Antonio G Cabrera
Surgery | Published : 2018
BACKGROUND: Extracardiac birth defects are associated with worse outcomes in congenital heart disease (CHD). The impact of esophageal atresia/trachea-esophageal fistula (EA/TEF) on outcomes after surgery for ductal-dependent CHD is unknown. METHODS: Retrospective matched cohort study using the Pediatric Health Information System database from 07/2004 to 06/2015. Hospitalizations with ductal-dependent CHD and EA/TEF, undergoing CHD surgery were included as cases. Admissions with ductal-dependent CHD without EA/TEF were matched 3:1 for age at admission and Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery-1 classification. Comparisons were performed using generalized estimating equations. RESULTS: ..View full abstract