The clinical biochemistry of obesity.
Ken A Sikaris
Clinical Biochemist Reviews | Published : 2004
Obesity is essentially an excessive accumulation of triacylglycerols in fatty tissue that is the net result of excessive energy intake compared to energy usage. Severe forms of the disease are most likely to have a predominantly genetic basis and this is probably polygenic. The 'thrifty gene' hypothesis also describes the disturbance that a modern environment, including higher energy intake and decreased physical activity, has on otherwise advantageous genetic variations. While the physical consequences of obesity, such as arthritis, are debilitating and costly, the metabolic consequences are the drivers behind the modern epidemics of insulin resistance, diabetes, fatty liver disease, corona..View full abstract