Journal article

Dietary inflammatory index or Mediterranean diet score as risk factors for total and cardiovascular mortality

AM Hodge, JK Bassett, P-A Dugue, N Shivappa, JR Hebert, RL Milne, DR English, GG Giles

NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dietary patterns are associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to examine associations of the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) with total, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study; and compare the strengths of the associations. METHODS AND RESULTS: In our prospective cohort study of 41,513 men and women aged 40-69 years, a food frequency questionnaire was completed at baseline and mortality data were obtained via linkage with local and national registries over an average of 19 years follow up. At baseline, questionnaires were completed an..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian NHMRC


Awarded by United States National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


Awarded by NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DIABETES AND DIGESTIVE AND KIDNEY DISEASES


Funding Acknowledgements

MCCS cohort recruitment was funded by VicHealth and Cancer Council Victoria. The MCCS was further supported by Australian NHMRC grants 209057, 396414 and by infrastructure provided by Cancer Council Victoria.Drs. Shivappa and Hebert were supported by grant number R44DK103377 from the United States National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.