Journal article

The role of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus: A narrative review

C Itsiopoulos, W Marx, HL Mayr, OA Tatucu-Babet, SR Dash, ES George, GL Trakman, JT Kelly, CJ Thomas, L Brazionis

Journal of Nutrition and Intermediary Metabolism | Published : 2018

Abstract

Background: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) poses a significant health and financial burden to individuals and healthcare systems. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) possess numerous properties (e.g. anti-inflammatory, anti-thrombotic, anti-lipidemic) that may be beneficial in the management of T2DM and its complications. Methods: In this narrative review, we discuss the potential mechanisms, clinical evidence-base, and practical considerations regarding the use of omega-3 PUFA supplementation for the management of glycaemic control and common comorbid conditions, including diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy, liver disease, cognition and mental health, and cardiometabolic disease. ..

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