A Brief Introduction to the Chinese Judicial System and Court Hierarchy

Y Wang, Sarah Biddulph, Andrew Godwin

Asian Law Centre, University of Melbourne | Published : 2017


This paper provides a concise and practical summary of the structure of the Chinese judicial system and court hierarchy, explains key legal processes under Chinese procedure law, and examines the role and functions of courts. In offering this introduction to the Chinese judicial system, the paper also discusses key concepts in the Chinese judicial system that do not have directly equivalent counterparts in the Australian judicial system, including: collegiate panels (合议庭); judicial committees (审判委员会); people’s assessors (人民陪审员); and the people’s procuratorates (人民检察院) (public prosecutor). The paper also outlines some of the recent reforms introduced by the Communist Party’s Central Committee..

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