Lymphatic cannulation models in sheep: Recent advances for immunological and biomedical research
Elizabeth A Washington, Stuart R Barber, Christina M Murray, Helen MS Davies, Wayne G Kimpton, Hung-Hsun Yen
JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGICAL METHODS | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2018
Lymphatic cannulation models are useful tools for studying the immunobiology of the lymphatic system and the immunopathology of specific tissues in diseases. Sheep cannulations have been used extensively, as models for human physiology, fetal and neonatal development, human diseases, and for studies of ruminant pathobiology. The development of new and improved cannulation techniques in recent years has meant that difficult to access sites, such as mucosal associated tissues, are now more readily available to researchers. This review highlights the new approaches to cannulation and how these, in combination with advanced omics technologies, will direct future research using the sheep model.