Journal article

Gestational Age and Child Development at Age Five in a Population-Based Cohort of Australian Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Children

Mark Hanly, Kathleen Falster, Georgina Chambers, John Lynch, Emily Banks, Nusrat Homaira, Marni Brownell, Sandra Eades, Louisa Jorm



BACKGROUND: Preterm birth and developmental vulnerability are more common in Australian Aboriginal compared with non-Aboriginal children. We quantified how gestational age relates to developmental vulnerability in both populations. METHODS: Perinatal datasets were linked to the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), which collects data on five domains, including physical, social, emotional, language/cognitive, and general knowledge/communication development. We quantified the risk of developmental vulnerability on ≥1 domains at age 5, according to gestational age and Aboriginality, for 97 989 children born in New South Wales, Australia, who started school in 2009 or 2012. RESULTS: Seven..

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Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)

Awarded by NHMRC Early Career Fellowship

Awarded by NHMRC capacity building grant

Awarded by NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship

Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia

Awarded by Centre of Research Excellence

Awarded by NHMRC Career Development Fellowship

Funding Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Australian Government Department of Education, the NSW Ministry of Health, the NSW Register of Births, Deaths and Marriages, the NSW Department of Education and the NSW Department of Family and Community Services (FACS) for allowing access to the data. The authors also thank the NSW Centre for Health Record Linkage for conducting the linkage of data sources detailed in this paper, and policy colleagues from NSW Health and FACS, including Emily Klineberg, Jessica Stewart and Michael Henman, for participation in discussions about this research. The Seeding Success investigator team comprises Louisa Jorm, Kathleen Falster, Sandra Eades, John Lynch, Emily Banks, Marni Brownell, Rhonda Craven, Kristjana Einarsdottir, Deborah Randall, Sharon Goldfeld, Alastair Leyland, Elizabeth Best and Marilyn Chilvers. This work was supported by an Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Project Grant (#1061713). KF was supported by an NHMRC Early Career Fellowship (#1016475) and an NHMRC capacity building grant (#573122). EB was supported by an NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship (#1042717). JL is funded by a National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia Partnership Project Grant (1056888) and Centre of Research Excellence (1099422). SE was supported by an NHMRC Career Development Fellowship (#1013418). MB was supported by the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy Population-Based Child Health Research Award.