Journal article

Effect of electrical stimulation of hamstrings and L3/4 dermatome on gait in spinal cord injury

A van der Salm, PH Veltink, HJ Hermens, AV Nene, MJ IJzerman

NEUROMODULATION | WILEY | Published : 2006

Abstract

Objective.  To determine the effect of electrical stimulation of hamstrings and L3/4 dermatome on the swing phase of gait. Materials and Methods.  Five subjects with incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) with spasticity were included. Two electrical stimulation methods were investigated, i.e., hamstrings and L3/4 dermatome stimulation. Both interventions were applied during the swing phase of gait. The main outcome measures were step length, maximum hip, and knee flexion during the swing phase of gait. In three subjects changes of spinal inhibition during gait were evaluated using the Hoffman reflex/m (motor)-wave (H/M) ratio at mid swing. Results.  The hip flexion decreased 4.6° (p < 0.05) wh..

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