Journal article

Electrical stimulation of the upper limb in stroke - Stimulation of the extensors of the hand vs. alternate stimulation of flexors and extensors

JR de Kroon, MJ Ijzerman, GJ Lankhorst, G Zilvold

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2004

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is a difference in functional improvement in the affected arm of chronic stroke patients when comparing two methods of electrical stimulation. DESIGN: Explanatory trial in which 30 chronic stroke patients with impaired arm function were randomly allocated to either alternating electrical stimulation of the extensor and flexor muscles of the hand (group A) or electrical stimulation of the extensors only (group B). Primary outcome measure was the Action Research Arm test to assess arm function. Grip strength, Motricity Index, Ashworth Scale, and range of motion of the wrist were secondary outcome measures. RESULTS: Improvement on the Action Research Arm ..

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