Journal article

Structural sexual dimorphisms in the anteroventral periventricular nucleus of the rat hypothalamus are sensitive to gonadal steroids perinatally, but develop peripubertally.

EC Davis, JE Shryne, RA Gorski

Neuroendocrinology | Published : 1996

Abstract

The volume of the anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPv) of the rat hypothalamus is larger in females than in males. A preliminary study from this laboratory found that this sexual dimorphism develops between days 30 and 91. The present study was designed to confirm and extend these findings and to determine the role of endogenous gonadal steroids in the development of the AVPv postnatally. The results indicate that the sexual dimorphism in AVPv volume arises between days 30 and 40 and that the length of the nucleus becomes sexually dimorphic between days 60 and 80. Additionally, both AVPv volume and length increased between days 30 and 80 in females. Castration of male rats on the day..

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