Journal article

The familial Mediterranean fever protein, pyrin, is cleaved by caspase-1 and activates NF-kappa B through its N-terminal fragment

Jae Jin Chae, Geryl Wood, Katharina Richard, Howard Jaffe, Nona T Colburn, Seth L Masters, Deborah L Gumucio, Nitza G Shoham, Daniel L Kastner

BLOOD | AMER SOC HEMATOLOGY | Published : 2008

Abstract

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autoinflammatory disease caused by mutations in MEFV, which encodes a 781-amino acid protein denoted pyrin. We have previously shown that pyrin regulates caspase-1 activation and IL-1beta production through interaction of its N-terminal PYD motif with the ASC adapter protein, and also modulates IL-1beta production by interaction of its C-terminal B30.2 domain with the catalytic domains of caspase-1. We now asked whether pyrin might itself be a caspase-1 substrate, and found that pyrin is cleaved by caspase-1 at Asp330, a site remote from the B30.2 domain. Pyrin variants harboring FMF-associated B30.2 mutations were cleaved more efficiently than wild-t..

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University of Melbourne Researchers