Journal article

Trends in winter fog events in the Terai region of Nepal

Shreemat Shrestha, Graham A Moore, Murray C Peel

Agricultural and Forest Meteorology | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2018


Winter fog events of the Indo Gangetic plain (IGP) including the Terai area of Nepal are considered to be one of the important public concerns due to their effect on people’s health, transportation, and agriculture. Unlike the IGP area of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh there are only very few fog related studies reported about the Terai region of Nepal. This study is carried out to study the occurrence of fog in the Terai region of Nepal by analysing the historical visibility data from 1980 to 2015 at four airports in the region (Nepalgunj, Bhairahawa, Simara and Biratnagar). It was found that the fog events in the Terai start in the month of November, reach the peak in December/January and ..

View full abstract


Awarded by Australian Research Council Future Fellowship

Funding Acknowledgements

The lead author (S Shrestha) is thankful to the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) for providing the John Alright Fellowship (JAF) to pursue his Ph.D. at the University of Melbourne. Murray Peel is the recipient of an Australian Research Council Future Fellowship (FT120100130). We acknowledge the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM) for providing access to the METAR datasheets of Terai stations. Similarly, we would like to thank Er. Sanjeet Kumar Jha, Er. Bikash KC, and Er. Mukti Nath Jha of the Agricultural Engineering Division, Nepal Agriculture Research Council (NARC) for assisting the first author in transcribing the fog data. Thanks also to Dr. Anne Verhoef, Associate Editor, and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions in improving the manuscript.