Journal article

Factors affecting primary school achievement in Botswana: a multilevel model for general student performance

Cuc Thi Kim Nguyen, Matthew Gordon Ray Courtney, Shelley Gillis

International Journal of Quantitative Research in Education | Inderscience Publishers | Published : 2018


This study explores and identifies key student- and school-related factors associated with general academic achievement of Year 6 primary school students in Botswana. Drawing on the SACMEQ II data, and making use of 3,322 students from 170 schools, the investigation identifies sources of variation in student achievement. While previous research in the country identifies school equipment and resourcing as key determinants of student achievement, this study also identifies factors not previously considered, such as teacher reading ability and student-teacher ratio. Controlling for socioeconomic and geographic factors, the investigation uses multi-level structural equation modelling to identify..

View full abstract