Journal article

Parenting style as an investment in human development

DA Cobb-Clark, N Salamanca, A Zhu

Journal of Population Economics | Springer (part of Springer Nature) | Published : 2019


We propose a household production function approach to human development that explicitly considers the role of parenting style in child rearing. Specifically, parenting style is modeled as an investment that depends not only on inputs of time and market goods, but also on attention. Our model relates socioeconomic disadvantage to parenting style and human development through the constraints that disadvantage places on cognitive capacity. We find empirical support for key features of our model. Parenting style is a construct that is distinctive to standard parental investments and is important for young-adult outcomes. Effective parenting styles are negatively correlated with disadvantage.


Awarded by Australian Government

Awarded by Australian Research Council

Awarded by Centre of Excellence for Children and Families over the Life Course

Funding Acknowledgements

The data used for this research come from the Youth in Focus Project which is jointly funded by the Australian Government and the Australian Research Council (Grant Number LP0347164) and carried out by the Australian National University. The research was also supported by the Australian Research Council through a Discovery Program Grant (DP140102614) and the Centre of Excellence for Children and Families over the Life Course (project number CE140100027).