Journal article

Diabetes-Specific Formulae Versus Standard Formulae as Enteral Nutrition to Treat Hyperglycemia in Critically Ill Patients: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial

Ra'eesa Doola, Alwyn S Todd, Josephine M Forbes, Adam M Deane, Jeffrey J Presneill, David J Sturgess

JMIR RESEARCH PROTOCOLS | JMIR PUBLICATIONS, INC | Published : 2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND: During critical illness, hyperglycemia is prevalent and is associated with adverse outcomes. While treating hyperglycemia with insulin reduces morbidity and mortality, it increases glycemic variability and hypoglycemia risk, both of which have been associated with an increase in mortality. Therefore, other interventions which improve glycemic control, without these complications should be explored. Nutrition forms part of standard care, but the carbohydrate load of these formulations has the potential to exacerbate hyperglycemia. Specific diabetic-formulae with a lesser proportion of carbohydrate are available, and these formulae are postulated to limit glycemic excursions and re..

View full abstract