Journal article

Polymyxin B in Combination with Enrofloxacin Exerts Synergistic Killing against Extensively Drug-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Yu-Wei Lin, Heidi H Yu, Jinxin Zhao, Mei-Ling Han, Yan Zhu, Jesmin Akter, Hasini Wickremasinghe, Hasini Walpola, Veronika Wirth, Gauri G Rao, Alan Forrest, Tony Velkov, Jian Li

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2018

Abstract

Polymyxins are increasingly used as a last-resort class of antibiotics against extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Gram-negative bacteria. However, resistance to polymyxins can emerge with monotherapy. As nephrotoxicity is the major dose-limiting factor for polymyxin monotherapy, dose escalation to suppress the emergence of polymyxin resistance is not a viable option. Therefore, novel approaches are needed to preserve this last-line class of antibiotics. This study aimed to investigate the antimicrobial synergy of polymyxin B combined with enrofloxacin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa Static time-kill studies were conducted over 24 h with polymyxin B (1 to 4 mg/liter) and enrofloxacin (1 to 4 mg/..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health


Awarded by NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ALLERGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES


Funding Acknowledgements

J.L., A.F., G.G.R., and T.V. are supported by a research grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health (R01 AI111965). J.L. is an Australian National Health Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Senior Research Fellow, and T.V. is an Australian NHMRC Industry Career Development Level 2 Research Fellow.