Schizophrenia: A neurodevelopmental or neurodegenerative disorder?
M Allin, R Murray
Current Opinion in Psychiatry | Published : 2002
New reports implicate deviant neurodevelopment, under the influence of both genetic and early environmental factors, in the aetiology of schizophrenia. However, it is still not clear how developmental impairment in childhood is transformed into frank psychosis. Several longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging studies claim to show progression of structural brain abnormalities, and some investigators speculate that a neurodegenerative process superimposed on pre-existing abnormalities, may account for this. However, neuropathological studies do not indicate neurodegeneration over and above that of ageing, and there is little evidence that cognitive and neurological function decline dramaticall..View full abstract