Maternal exposure to influenza and paranoid schizophrenia.
A Grech, N Takei, RM Murray
Schizophr Res | Published : 1997
Previous research has suggested that schizophrenics exposed to influenza in the second trimester have more delusions of jealousy, delusions of reference and suspiciousness. We therefore hypothesised that the risk-increasing effect of in utero exposure to influenza would be particularly demonstrable in paranoid schizophrenia. We studied patients with an ICD diagnosis of schizophrenia in England and Wales who were born each month between 1923 and 1965 (N = 17,247. Chi-square test for trend showed that an increase in influenza exposure level during the fifth month of gestation was accompanied by an increase in the proportion of patients with paranoid schizophrenia. However, logistic regression ..View full abstract