What risk factors tell us about the causes of schizophrenia and related psychoses.
J Kelly, RM Murray
Curr Psychiatry Rep | Published : 2000
Genetic, epidemiologic, and molecular studies concur that liability to schizophrenia is transmitted through the inheritance of a number of genes of relatively small effect, some of which are shared with other psychoses. Each of these susceptibility genes causes minor deviations that are relatively innocent in themselves, for example, increased lateral ventricular volume, schizotypal personality, or subtle cognitive difficulties. However, when an individual is unlucky enough to inherit several of these traits, their cumulative effect, often compounded by environmental hazards, propels that person over a threshold for the expression of frank psychosis. Early environmental risk factors for schi..View full abstract