Does schizophrenia result from developmental or degenerative processes?
SM Church, D Cotter, E Bramon, RM Murray
J Neural Transm Suppl | Published : 2002
The debate as to whether schizophrenia is a neurodevelopmental or a neurodegenerative disorder has its roots in the latter part of the 19th century when authorities such as Clouston (1891) posited that at least some insanities were "developmental" in origin. These views were soon eclipsed by Kraepelin's (1896) concept of dementia praecox as a degenerative disease, and the latter view carried not only the day but also much of the 20th century. Then, in the 1980s several research groups again began to speculate that schizophrenia might have a significant developmental component (Feinberg, 1982-1983; Schulsinger et al., 1984; Murray et al., 1985; Murray and Lewis, 1987; Weinberger et al., 1987)..View full abstract