The causes of schizophrenia: neurodevelopment and other risk factors.
Kimberlie Dean, Elvira Bramon, Robin M Murray
Journal of Psychiatric Practice | Published : 2003
Understanding the etiology of schizophrenia has been a considerable challenge. The neurodevelopmental hypothesis has held sway in recent years, focusing our attention on biological causes acting in early life. Much evidence supports this hypothesis and risk factors operating in early life (e.g., obstetric complications) have been shown to be associated with the later development of schizophrenia. Indicators of abnormal neurodevelopment that characterize individuals vulnerable to later developing schizophrenia have also been identified. For example, as a group, children who will later develop schizophrenia subtly differ from their peers in terms of their motor, cognitive, and social functioni..View full abstract