Autoimmune diseases in the pedigrees of schizophrenic and control subjects.
P Wright, PC Sham, CM Gilvarry, PB Jones, M Cannon, T Sharma, RM Murray
Schizophr Res | Published : 1996
Autoimmune diseases aggregate in individuals and within pedigrees, and it has been postulated that autoimmune mechanisms may account for a proportion of schizophrenia. Structured questionnaires were used to interview the mothers of 121 DSM-III-R schizophrenic patients and the mothers of 116 controls in order to determine the prevalence of schizophrenia and of autoimmune diseases in their pedigrees. Patients with a schizophrenic first degree relative were significantly more likely to also have a parent or sibling with an autoimmune disease (60% vs. 20%, OR = 6.1, 95% CI = 2.3-6.5, p = 0.0003). A significant excess of insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) was present in the parents and si..View full abstract