Which characteristics of schizophrenia predate psychosis?
N Davies, A Russell, P Jones, RM Murray
J Psychiatr Res | Published : 1998
Neuropsychological and brain structural abnormalities are present in first onset schizophrenia; the balance of evidence is that in the majority of cases these are developmental in origin. A proportion of first degree relatives also show lateral ventricular enlargement, cortical volume decrease and possibly loss of the normal cerebral asymmetry; these findings suggest that certain families transmit a genetic defect in the control of neurodevelopment. On the contrary, decrement in left hippocampal volume appears to be secondary to perinatal hypoxia. High risk, follow-back and cohort studies all demonstrate that preschizophrenics as a group show deviant development; delayed milestones, lower IQ..View full abstract