Etiology of pneumonia, sepsis and meningitis in infants younger than three months of age in Ethiopia.
L Muhe, M Tilahun, S Lulseged, S Kebede, D Enaro, S Ringertz, G Kronvall, S Gove, EK Mulholland
The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal | Published : 1999
METHODS: Within a multicenter study coordinated by WHO, an investigation of the etiologic agents of pneumonia, sepsis and meningitis was performed among infants younger than 3 months of age seen at the Ethio-Swedish Children's Hospital in Addis Ababa for a period of 2 years. Of the 816 infants enrolled 405 had clinical indications for investigation. RESULTS: There were a total of 41 isolates from blood cultures from 40 infants. The study showed that the traditionally known acute respiratory infection pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae was most common in this extended neonatal age group, found in 10 of 41 blood isolates. Streptococcus pyogenes was a common pathogen in this setting (9 of 41 blo..View full abstract