Comparison of nasal prongs and nasopharyngeal catheter for the delivery of oxygen in children with hypoxemia because of a lower respiratory tract infection.
MW Weber, A Palmer, A Oparaugo, EK Mulholland
The Journal of Pediatrics | Published : 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine the best method of oxygen delivery for children in developing countries who have hypoxemia caused by acute lower respiratory tract infection. METHODS: One hundred eighteen children between 7 days and 5 years of age with a lower respiratory tract infection and arterial hemoglobin oxygen saturation (Sao2) less than 90% were randomly selected to receive oxygen by nasopharyngeal (NP) catheter (n = 56) or nasal prongs (n = 62). A crossover study to determine the flow rate necessary to achieve an Sao2 of 95% was performed in 60 children. RESULTS: One hundred twelve children could be oxygenated by the allocated method; in six oxygenation was poor with either method. The mean..View full abstract