The immunogenicity and safety of Haemophilus influenzae type b-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine in Gambian infants.
EK Mulholland, P Byass, H Campbell, B Fritzell, AM Greenwood, J Todd, BM Greenwood
Ann Trop Paediatr | Published : 1994
In developing countries, Haemophilus influenzae type b is a major cause of meningitis and pneumonia in the 1st year of life. The safety and immunogenicity of a Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (PRP-T) were evaluated in two studies of Gambian infants. In the first study, 131 infants were recruited and randomized into three groups to receive PRP-T at 1 and 3 months (group A), PRP-T at 2 and 4 months (group B) or no PRP-T (group C). The liquid form of PRP-T was used. The geometric mean titre (GMT) of anti-PRP antibody 1 month after the second dose was 0.26 microgram/ml in group A and 0.41 microgram/ml in group B. In the second study, 66 infants were ..View full abstract