Journal article

Oxygen administration to hypoxic children in Ethiopia: a randomized controlled study comparing complications in the use of nasal prongs with nasopharyngeal catheters.

L Muhe, H Degefu, B Worku, B Oljira, EK Mulholland

Paediatrics and International Child Health | Published : 1997


Oxygen administration is one of the most important therapeutic interventions for a child with severe acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI). Inexpensive and efficient methods of oxygen administration are highly desirable in hospitals in developing countries. The objectives of this study were to compare the frequency and nature of complications when nasopharyngeal catheters or nasal prongs are used to deliver oxygen. One hundred and twenty-one children between the ages of 2 weeks and 5 years with hypoxia due to ALRI were randomized to receive oxygen via a catheter (61 children) or via nasal prongs (60 children). The two groups were similar in terms of diagnoses, clinical severity, oxy..

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