Journal article

Delayed and disordered development of articulation and phonology between four and seven years

Barbara Dodd, Kyriaki Ttofari-Eecen, Katherine Brommeyer, Kelly Ng, Sheena Reilly, Angela Morgan

CHILD LANGUAGE TEACHING & THERAPY | SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD | Published : 2018

Abstract

Some children’s speech impairment resolves spontaneously. Others have persistent problems affecting academic and social development. Identifying early markers that reliably predict long-term outcome would allow better prioritization for preschool intervention. This article evaluates the significance of different types of speech errors, made by 93 four-year-olds in a longitudinal population cohort study, for performance at seven years. At four years, the non-age appropriate speech errors made on standardized assessments were categorized as: phonologically delayed (error patterns typical of younger children); or, some errors atypical of normal development, including consistent errors (e.g. wor..

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