Journal article

Comparison of different definitions of feeding intolerance: A retrospective observational study

Annika Reintam Blaser, Liis Starkopf, Adam M Deane, Martijn Poeze, Joel Starkopf

Clinical Nutrition | CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE | Published : 2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: While feeding intolerance (FI) is clinically important in the critically ill it is inconsistently defined. By evaluating definitions of FI based on relationships between symptoms and signs of gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction and mortality the objective was to define FI using the definition that was most strongly associated with subsequent mortality. METHODS: Data from all adult patients admitted to a single ICU between 2004 and 2011, and who were receiving enteral nutrition (EN), were analysed. The amount of EN administered, presence of absent bowel sounds (BS), vomiting and/or regurgitation, diarrhoea, bowel distension, and large gastric residual volumes (GRVs) were docu..

View full abstract