Journal article

Measurement of gastric emptying in the critically ill

Palash Kar, Karen L Jones, Michael Horowitz, Marianne J Chapman, Adam M Deane

Clinical Nutrition | CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE | Published : 2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Enteral nutrition is important in critically ill patients and is usually administered via a nasogastric tube. As gastric emptying is frequently delayed, and this compromises the delivery of nutrient, it is important that the emptying rate can be quantified. METHODS: A comprehensive search of MEDLINE/PubMed, of English articles, from inception to 1 July 2014. References of included manuscripts were also examined for additional studies. RESULTS: A number of methods are available to measure gastric emptying and these broadly can be categorised as direct- or indirect-test and surrogate assessments. Direct tests necessitate visualisation of the stomach contents during emptying ..

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