Journal article

Prevalence, Risk Factors, Clinical Consequences, and Treatment of Enteral Feed Intolerance During Critical Illness

Usha Gungabissoon, Kimberley Hacquoil, Chanchal Bains, Michael Irizarry, George Dukes, Russell Williamson, Adam M Deane, Daren K Heyland

Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition | SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC | Published : 2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the incidence of enteral feed intolerance and factors associated with intolerance and to assess the influence of intolerance on nutrition and clinical outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of data from an international observational cohort study of nutrition practices among 167 intensive care units (ICUs). Data were collected on nutrition adequacy, ventilator-free days (VFDs), ICU stay, and 60-day mortality. Intolerance was defined as interruption of enteral nutrition (EN) due to gastrointestinal (GI) reasons (large gastric residuals, abdominal distension, emesis, diarrhea, or subjective discomfort). Logistic regression was used to determi..

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