Definition, prevalence, and outcome of feeding intolerance in intensive care: a systematic review and meta-analysis
A Reintam Blaser, J Starkopf, Ue Kirsimaegi, AM Deane
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica | WILEY | Published : 2014
Clinicians and researchers frequently use the phrase 'feeding intolerance' (FI) as a descriptive term in enterally fed critically ill patients. We aimed to: (1) determine what is the most accepted definition of FI; (2) estimate the prevalence of FI; and (3) evaluate whether FI is associated with important outcomes. Systematic searches of peer-reviewed publications using PubMed, MEDLINE, and Web of Science were performed with studies reporting FI extracted. We identified 72 studies defining FI. In 33 studies, the definition was based on large gastric residual volumes (GRVs) together with other gastrointestinal symptoms, while 30 studies relied solely on large GRVs, six studies used inadequate..View full abstract
Awarded by Estonian Science Foundation
Awarded by Ministry of Education and Science of Estonia
The study was supported by the Estonian Science Foundation (Grant no. 8717) and the Ministry of Education and Science of Estonia (SF0180004s12). Support by Centre of Medical Information, Tartu University Hospital, is gratefully acknowledged.