Journal article

Bench-to-bedside review: The gut as an endocrine organ in the critically ill

Adam Deane, Marianne J Chapman, Robert JL Fraser, Michael Horowitz

Critical Care | BMC | Published : 2010


In health, hormones secreted from the gastrointestinal tract have an important role in regulating gastrointestinal motility, glucose metabolism and immune function. Recent studies in the critically ill have established that the secretion of a number of these hormones is abnormal, which probably contributes to disordered gastrointestinal and metabolic function. Furthermore, manipulation of endogenous secretion, physiological replacement and supra-physiological treatment (pharmacological dosing) of these hormones are likely to be novel therapeutic targets in this group. Fasting ghrelin concentrations are reduced in the early phase of critical illness, and exogenous ghrelin is a potential thera..

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