Journal article

Biotin-mediated growth and gene expression in Staphylococcus aureus is highly responsive to environmental biotin

Jiulia Satiaputra, Bart A Eijkelkamp, Christopher A McDevitt, Keith E Shearwin, Grant W Booker, Steven W Polyak

APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY | SPRINGER | Published : 2018

Abstract

Biotin (Vitamin B7) is a critical enzyme co-factor in metabolic pathways important for bacterial survival. Biotin is obtained either from the environment or by de novo synthesis, with some bacteria capable of both. In certain species, the bifunctional protein BirA plays a key role in biotin homeostasis as it regulates expression of biotin biosynthetic enzymes in response to biotin demand and supply. Here, we compare the effect of biotin on the growth of two bacteria that possess a bifunctional BirA, namely Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Unlike E. coli that could fulfill its biotin requirements through de novo synthesis, S. aureus showed improved growth rates in media supplemente..

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