Spontaneous reactivation of thymidine kinase-deficient, acyclovir-resistant type-2 herpes simplex virus: masked heterogeneity or reversion?
JJ Sasadeusz, SL Sacks
Journal of Infectious Diseases | Published : 1996
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) strain 1737, acyclovir-resistant and uniformly thymidine kinase-deficient (tkD) by all conventional assays, clinically reactivated in an AIDS patient in the absence of antiviral drug pressure. Investigation of its neurovirulence and latency characteristics in a mouse model using a tkD plaque isolate (1737-14), however, yielded a neurovirulent, homogeneous, acyclovir-sensitive, tk wild type (tkWT) strain (1737-14ME), while trigeminal ganglia from a surviving animal yielded a heterogeneous tkD/tkWT population (1737-14/10(5)B). Heterogeneity may have arisen due to selection of a preexisting tkWT subpopulation or to genetic reversion. "Ultralow" levels of tk, undetecta..View full abstract