Journal article

Non-durational acoustic correlates of word-initial consonant gemination in Kelantan Malay: The potential roles of amplitude and f0

Mohd Hilmi Hamzah, John Hajek, Janet Fletcher

Journal of the International Phonetic Association | Cambridge University Press (CUP) | Published : 2020


This study reports on non-durational acoustic correlates of typologically rare word-initial consonant gemination in Kelantan Malay (KM) by focusing on two acoustic parameters – amplitude and f0. Given the unusual characteristics of the word-initial consonant contrast and its potential maintenance in domain-initial environments, this study sets to examine the extent to which amplitude and f0 can potentially characterise such a contrast in KM in addition to the cross-linguistically established acoustic correlate of closure duration. The production data involved elicited materials from sixteen KM native speakers. RMS and f0 values were measured at the start of the vowel following stops and sono..

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Funding Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Skim Latihan Akademik Bumiputra (SLAB) under the Ministry of Education Malaysia and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia awarded to the first author. Many thanks go to the staff of the University of Melbourne for their generous assistance during the recording of the Kelantanese speakers in Melbourne. We are also grateful to the management of Universiti Malaysia Kelantan for offering access to their undergraduate students who made the task of data collection enjoyable and rewarding.