Effects of pancreatic spasmolytic Polypeptide (PSP) on epithelial cell function.
WR Otto, J Rao, HM Cox, E Kotzian, CY Lee, RA Goodlad, A Lane, M Gorman, PA Freemont, HF Hansen, D Pappin, NA Wright
Eur J Biochem | Published : 1996
Trefoil peptides are expressed near endodermal ulcerations and may modulate epithelial repair. The trefoil pancreatic spasmolytic polypeptide (PSP) was tested for growth activity in vitro on epithelial cells and in vivo following intragastric or intravenous infusion in parenterally fed intact rats. Ion transport was assessed as changes in short-circuit current in rat intestine and adenocarcinoma cells in Ussing chambers. PSP stimulated growth of MCF-7 and Colo-357 cells, but only in the presence of extracellular glutathione (GSH). The effect was attenuated by GSH depletion with buthionine sulphoximine, even in GSH-containing media. When GSH-reduced PSP was carboxymethylated with iodoacetic a..View full abstract