Crystal structure of a disulfide-linked "trefoil" motif found in a large family of putative growth factors.
A De, DG Brown, MA Gorman, M Carr, MR Sanderson, PS Freemont
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A | Published : 1994
Porcine pancreatic spasmolytic polypeptide (PSP) belongs to a large family of homologous growth factor-like polypeptides characterized by a disulfide-linked "trefoil motif," duplicated and conserved in various family members. PSP contains two trefoil motifs, has several pharmacological actions on the gut, and has growth factor properties on epithelial cells in vitro. The human PSP analogue, human spasmolytic polypeptide, appears to be involved in many regenerative situations and, especially, in healing gastrointestinal ulcers. One member of the trefoil family, pS2, is secreted in approximately 50% of estrogen-dependent human breast carcinomas, which has led to its use as a tumor prognostic m..View full abstract