Journal article

Normative performance of healthy older individuals on the Modified Mini-Mental State (3MS) examination according to ethno-racial group, gender, age, and education level.

Joanne Ryan, Robyn L Woods, Carlene Britt, Anne M Murray, Raj C Shah, Christopher M Reid, Brenda Kirpach, Rory S Wolfe, Mark R Nelson, Jessica E Lockery, Suzanne G Orchard, Ruth E Trevaks, John J McNeil, Elsdon Storey, undefined ASPREE Investigator Group

Clin Neuropsychol | Published : 2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To present normative performance data on the Modified Mini-Mental State (3MS) examination for healthy community-dwelling older individuals according to gender, age, education level, and ethno-racial group. METHOD: More than 19,000 generally healthy older men and women without a diagnosis of dementia were recruited from the general population in Australia and the U.S. for the ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE) study. The 3MS exam was administered as part of the baseline screening and individuals scoring above 77 were eligible to participate. RESULTS: The sample comprised 16,360 Australian whites, 1080 U.S. whites, 895 African-Americans and 316 Hispanic/Latinos. The ..

View full abstract