Journal article

Thyroid nodules: diagnosis and management

Rosemary Wong, Stephen G Farrell, Mathis Grossmann

MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA | AUSTRALASIAN MED PUBL CO LTD | Published : 2018

Abstract

Thyroid nodules are common. Their importance lies in the need to assess thyroid function, degree of and future risk of mass effect, and exclude thyroid cancer, which occurs in 7-15% of thyroid nodules. There are four key components to thyroid nodule assessment: clinical history and examination, serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) measurement, ultrasound and, if indicated, fine-needle aspiration (FNA). If the serum TSH is suppressed, a thyroid scan with 99Tc can distinguish between a solitary hot nodule, a toxic multinodular goitre or, less commonly, thyroiditis or Graves' disease within a coexisting nodular thyroid. Scintigraphically cold nodules are evaluated in the same way as in the s..

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